July 27 seems a great day to combine our ‘this day in…’ series and our birthday wishes by looking at some key figures from the French Revolution.

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To say Robespierre is associated with the guillotine may be a bit of an understatement. This cartoon shows Robespierre executing the executioner after guillotining everyone else in France.

July 27, 1794: Maximilien Robespierre is arrested in Paris. In an attempt to avoid arrest he threw himself out a window, breaking both his legs in the process. Robespierre was a major part of the Reign of Terror, which saw the execution of nearly 17,000 people. He was guillotined on July 28, 1794.

To say Robespierre is associated with the guillotine might be a bit of an understatement. This cartoon shows Robespierre executing the executioner after guillotining everyone else in France.

Charlotte_Corday27 July 1768: Happy Birthday to Charlotte Corday. Corday supported the Girondist groups during the revolution. On 13 July 1793 she killed the radical journalist and Jacobin Jean-Paul Marat by stabbing him through the heart while he was in the bath. She was guillotined on 17 July 1793.

late 18th century ---  --- Image by © Gianni Dagli Orti/CORBIS
Portrait of Jean-Paul Marat, Painting by Joseph Boze (1746-1826)

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Charlotte Corday, Painting by Paul-Jacques-Aimé Baudry (1828-1886)

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The death of Marat, Painting by Jacques-Louis David (1748-1825)
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